The Vision : Integration of (UN)CISG Principles with American Sale of Goods Law

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  • 22 mars 2016

CAROLINE JANE SEYMOUR
LL.D. Candidate of Laws, Université de Montréal, LL.M., J.D., D.D.N., LL.L. Ms. Seymour is currently enrolled in the Doctorate of Laws Program at the Université de Montréal. Her thesis focuses on Canadian, American and International physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia practices. She can be reached at carolinejaneseymour@gmail.com. The author would like to extend her special thanks to Dr. Konstantia Koutouki.

RÉSUMÉ

Cet article est un survol des dispositions internationales et américaines traitant de la vente de marchandises. Il présente une analyse comparative de la Convention des Nations Unies sur les contrats de vente internationale de marchandises (CVIM) et de l’article 2 du Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), afin de mettre de l’avant l’importance de développer un droit commercial uniforme qui intègre efficacement les principes contenus dans ces deux outils et plus spécifiquement les règles sur les preuves littérales (Statute of Frauds) et extrinsèques (Parole Evidence Rule). L’auteure y défend l’hypothèse qu’une  interprétation uniforme et internationale, capable de s’extraire véritablement d’une perspective nationale (homeward trend), puisse conduire à l’efficacité accrue des transactions commerciales et des activités des tribunaux devant s’y pencher ainsi qu’à une réduction significative des coûts associés à la vente des marchandises.

ABSTRACT

This paper introduces both international and American Sale of Goods Laws. There is a basic introduction to both the CISG and Article 2 of the U.C.C., which permits the reader to take notice of the similarities and differences between the two laws. The author of the essay further contends for a unified sale of goods commercial law, and emphasizes the urgency to merge principles of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, with Article 2 of the Uniform Commercial Code. More specifically, in regards to the rules pertaining to the Statute of Frauds and the Parol Evidence Rule. Arguments supporting the uniformity and international character of the CISG versus an interpretation based on a homeward trend will be presented. Despite this consistent duality, the integration would bring forth more efficiency in commercial transactions and within the courts of law. Ultimately leading to financial costs associated with sales of goods transactions to presumably be dramatically decreased.

Keywords: Article 2 of the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), The United Convention on the International Sale of Goods (CISG), Sale of Goods, International and National law, Commercial law

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